Work Packages

Analysis of “special risk” petrochemical plants subjected to seismic loads


Leader: UTHESSA - http://www.uth.gr/


Address: ARGONAFTON & FILELLINON, Volos, Greece


The main objectives of WP1 are listed herein:

•  provide  a  comprehensive  overview  of  probabilistic  risk-based  seismic  evaluation  approaches  to petrochemical  plants and components and setting a probabilistic-based seismic assessment  methodology.
•  Selection  of  a  representative  petrochemical  plant  and  sub-plants  for  probabilistic  risk-based  seismic evaluation.
•  Define methods in order to treat probabilistic  seismic hazard and seismic design categories of systems and main components

FE models and simulations of systems involving complexity/uncertainties


Leader: LPOOL - www.liverpool.ac.uk


Address: BROWNLOW HILL, FOUNDATION BUILDING, Liverpool, L69 7ZX, UK


The main objectives of WP2 are listed herein:

•    set and whenever possible  reduce large Finite Element models of support structures/components  under study to  simplified models yet capable of representing  dynamic feature of original models  -e.g.  eigenvalues, eigenvectors,  energy dissipation features  etc.-  by means of dynamic substructuring and/or layered mediabased techniques;
•    classification  and  quantification of epistemic and aleatory  uncertainties affecting each single subcomponent as well as input uncertainties  -e.g. input  earthquakes-  and  analysis of  their propagation  through  dynamic substructuring;
•    propose smart geometrical configurations and/or cheap devices-e.g. sliding spherical bearings, tuned mass dampers –  whenever  possible  either  at  substructure  interfaces  or  at  boundaries  capable  of  reducing supporting structures/components vibration.

Numerical evaluation of fragilities for support structures, pressure vessels, elevated tanks and heaters


Leader: RWTH - www.rwth-aachen.de


Address: Templergraben, Aachen, 52062, Germany


The main objectives of WP3 are listed herein:

•    Provide  models  and  methods  for  the  analysis  of  the  seismic  behaviour  of  support  structures,  pressure vessels, elevated tanks and heaters, typical of “special risks” petrochemical plants.
•    Define  hybrid  methods for the evaluation  of  fragility curves of support structures, pressure vessels, elevated tanks and heaters.
•    Evaluate fragility curves of aforementioned components from the Case Study.

Experimental testing of piping systems, bolted flange joints, Tee joints, liquid storage tanks and welded connections


Leader: CSM - www.c-s-m.it


Address: Via Di Castel Romano, 00128, Roma


The main objectives of WP4 are listed herein:

•    Mechanical characterization of steel for cycling loading and low/high temperature sensitivity.
•    Experimental evaluation of the low-cycle fatigue behaviour of bottom welded joints in unanchored cylindrical steel storage tanks.
•    Real time/pseudo-dynamic seismic testing of a piping system with critical elements by means of dynamic substructuring.
•    Experimental evaluation of cyclic performance of seismically enhanced bolted flange joints under combined loading, i.e. axial and shear.
•    Experimental investigation of the cyclic fracture of welded Tee joints.
•    Shaking table testing of both unanchored and anchored cylindrical steel liquid storage tanks without/with floating roofs.

Evaluation of fragilities for piping systems, bolted flange joints, Tee joints and steel liquid storage tanks


Leader: CEA - www.cea.fr


Address: RUE LEBLANC, Paris, 15, France


The main objectives of WP5 are listed herein:

•    Calibration and validation of detailed/simplified models of piping networks, bolted flange joints Tee joints and steel liquid storage tanks with/without floating roof.
•    Evaluation of fragility curves, for each identified limit state, of piping systems, bolted flange joints and Tee joints for both coupled and decoupled cases.
•    Evaluation of fragility curves, for each identified limit state, of cylindrical steel liquid storage tanks.

Seismic probabilistic risk assessment of a petrochemical plant


Leader: UNIRM3 - www.uniroma3.it


Address: VIA OSTIENSE, Roma, 00154


This  work  package  is  aimed  at  developing  a  methodology  and  related  tools  to  perform  plant-wide probabilistic seismic risk assessment of industrial process plants of the petrochemical sector. The developed models and methods capable of reproducing independent damage scenarios and their interrelation triggered by earthquakes in the petrochemical industry will be applied to a relevant Case Study identified in Task 1.2
of WP1. In greater detail the following objectives will be pursued:
•    Development of a systematic list of top events and accident conditions caused by seismic response of plant  components  -  tanks,  pressure  vessels,  piping  systems,  flange  and  tee  joints  and  supporting structures- leading to a loss of containment or physical damage to other process units.
•    Implementation of equipment vulnerability models able to compute the probability of occurrence of the above cited top events as a function of seismic hazard.
•    Development of a methodology to generate accident scenarios and propagation of uncertainties in a Domino-like fashion including likely interactions between plant equipment.
•    Development  of  methods  and  models  for  estimating  damage  to  plant  equipment  and  physical consequences according to the above cited uncertainty propagation scenarios.
•    Development  of  a  method  to  compute  synthetic  performance  estimation  parameters,  e.g.,  risk indices etc., expressing seismic risk of the plant and a method to rank criticalities of process units.
•    Application of the risk assessment procedure developed above to the Case Study plant.

Guidelines for risk-based seismic analysis of “special risk” petrochemical plants


Leader: IGF - www.ig-fischbach.de


Address: An der Vogelrute 2, Erftstadt, 50374, Germany


The main objectives of WP7 are listed herein:

•  Dissemination of seismic probability risk-based assessment methodologies for “special risk” petrochemical plants.
•  Acquisition of judgments and consensus of experts.
•  Issuing of design guidelines and recommendations useful to enhance Eurocodes.

Coordination and management procedures


Leader: UNITN - www.unitn.it


Address: Via Calepina, 14 - I-38122 Trento


The main objectives of WP6 are listed herein:

•  to establish an efficient management process.
•  To define standard protocols, common procedures and formats.
•  To monitor the activities of each research unit.
•  To globally evaluate the research project